Perhaps most people would be able to retire at age 55 if they had $2.5 million in savings. The final answer, however, depends on the interaction between the various factors. These include your health, your expected retirement lifestyle and expenses, and how you will contribute to your nest egg. Some factors, such as lifestyle choices or investment strategies, are predictable or controllable. Others, such as health and life expectancy, are less so.
A Financial advisor It can help you design a workable retirement strategy.
Can you retire at 55 on $2.5 million?
Retiring at 55 on $2.5 million is certainly possible, which is far more than most people earn when they stop working. Just about One out of 10 retirees has even 1 million dollars savedAccording to the Federal Reserve’s Survey of Consumer Finances. If more than 90 percent of people can retire on less than $2.5 million, that might be enough for you.
A $2.5 million nest egg can generate $100,000 a year. Sustainable withdrawal rate. This rule predicts that withdrawing that percentage from your account each year will keep you a nest egg for at least 30 years.
Will your income be sufficient?
An annual income of $100,000 is above average. 55 to 64 year olds earned a salary of $60,944 They are still working. And many retirement planners suggest using it 70% of pre-retirement earnings As a starting point when budgeting for retirement expenses. Seventy percent of $60,944 is $42,661. With that in mind, $100,000 a year may be more than enough for single retirees or even married couples. Even if you use the high-end 90% income replacement figure used by retirement planners, $100,000 is not out of place.
Using a safe withdrawal rate is not the only strategy. Pensioners can generate income by investing. Fixed Income Guarantees, Divided shares And Allowance. These income-oriented investment strategies, followed individually or in combination, can yield 4% or more per year. If successful, this approach would allow a retiree to continue living without leaving the original nest egg, which could last indefinitely and leave a financial legacy to heirs or charitable causes.
If you’re ready to be matched with local advisors who can help you achieve your financial goals, Start now.
Accounting for tax
Taxes represent an unpredictable factor that varies in importance primarily based on location and source of income. for instance, Eight states have no income tax and seven do not tax retirement income.
California, the largest state by population, includes retirement account withdrawals as regular income for retirees. of SmartAsset calculator for California retiree taxes It shows that a single person born in 1968 would pay $5,520 in state income tax on $100,000 of taxable income in California.
Depending on the source of the income, federal income taxes may take a different part. From A Roth IRA It generally doesn’t pay federal income tax, for example. Investment income and withdrawals from any retirement account do not incur payroll taxes. However, $100,000 of withdrawals and investment income can be borrowed. Long term capital gains tax 15% or $15,000.
In this simple hypothetical example, a California retiree with $100,000 in retirement income would have a combined effect of state and federal taxes of $79,480 in after-tax income. Deductions and credits can adjust after-tax income for most retirees. The unadjusted balance is higher than the standard 70% replacement income rate for a single retiree, but may be significantly less than a couple needs.
What could go wrong?
Health care costs represent a factor that is difficult to measure a priori and may alter these results. An Employee Benefits Research Institute The study found that a 65-year-old couple with typical medical expenses would need $318,000 in savings to be 90 percent sure of covering their health care costs in retirement.
If you set aside $338,000 of the $2.5 million to cover health care expenses, the remaining $2.182 million would allow for a safe withdrawal of $87,280 before taxes. And this hypothetical example doesn’t include health care costs for 55 to 65-year-olds. If Medicare coverage isn’t available until age 65, using private health insurance or other resources to pay for ten years of health expenses can significantly increase your out-of-work status. Out of pocket expenses above that level.
Governing rules Withdrawals from tax-advantaged retirement accounts It can also cause problems. By age 59.5, withdrawals from most types of accounts for most people involve not only paying any income tax, but also an additional 10% penalty. This will reduce your spending power until you reach retirement age.
InflationAnother potential problem is that it reduces the purchasing power of retirees’ income. For example, if inflation runs at the Federal Reserve policymakers’ target rate of 2%, it will reduce the purchasing power of a $100,000 tin can to $98,000 in the first year, $96,040 in the second, and so on.
This approximate inflation example does not include all factors. For example, when inflation increases, interest rates increase. That can cause income from portfolio interest-bearing investments to increase at a rate where inflation reduces purchasing power.
Finally, age 62 is the youngest age most people are eligible to receive Social Security benefits. Social security payments, which In 2023, the average is $1,827 per month, can go a long way to help pay living expenses in retirement. The need to maintain the certainty of those monthly Social Security checks may be a big reason why many people don’t retire at 55.
A $2.5 million retirement account will cover a secure retirement for most retirees. Whether it works for you depends on how much you plan to spend in retirement, what investment strategy you choose, and a number of important, uncontrollable factors, including future health care costs and overall life expectancy. However, since this is far more than most people retire at any age, a $2.5 million nest egg is a strong indicator that you can confidently retire at age 55.
Retirement planning tips
The combination of uncertainty about the future and the many possible strategies makes it difficult to plan effectively for retirement without the help of a financial advisor. SmartAsset’s Free tool It matches you with up to three financial advisors who serve your area, and you can interview your advisor at no cost to decide which one is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor to help you achieve your financial goals, Start now.
Although you cannot know exactly what will happen between now and retirement, SmartAsset Pension calculator It can help you prepare a reasonable forecast. To use it, enter your details, including location, income, age you plan to start taking Social Security benefits, current monthly savings amount, and other information. The calculator tells you how much income you’ll need in retirement, how much you’ll contribute to Social Security, and how much you’ll need to save when you stop working.
Photo Credit: ©iStock.com/kate_sept2004, ©iStock.com/AscentXmedia, ©iStock.com/Johnny Gregory Franz